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来自:临沂鑫领废旧物资回收有限公司 发布日期:2019-6-14
核心提示:我国虽然是电缆制造大国,但产业集中度不够,产业大而不强,难以全面参与全球化竞争,产业链中高附加值产品很少有企业涉足,如航空航天、潜艇、核电、军工、电子、汽车线束、高压电缆附件、高压电缆超净电缆料等高端产品及原材料主要依靠进口。
一、我国电线电缆行业发展现状概述

电线电缆作为国民经济中最大的配套行业之一,是各产业的基础,其产品广泛应用于电力、建筑、民用、通信、船舶、军工、航空以及石油化工等领域。电线电缆按用途可分为电力电缆、电气装备电缆、绕组线、裸电线、通信电缆和电线及电缆配件,从2017年我国电线电缆行业细分市场规模占比情况来看,电力电缆占据电线电缆业务的最大部分,规模占比35.7%,其次是电气装备电缆、绕组线,分别占比20%和15.7%。
I. Overview of the Current Development of China's Wire and Cable Industry



As one of the largest supporting industries in the national economy, wires and cables are the foundation of various industries. Their products are widely used in electric power, construction, civil, communications, ships, military, aviation, petrochemical and other fields. Wires and cables can be divided into power cables, electrical equipment cables, winding cables, bare cables, communication cables and cables and cable accessories according to their uses. According to the proportion of market segments in China's wire and cable industry in 2017, power cables occupy the largest part of wire and cable business, accounting for 35.7%, followed by electrical equipment. Cables and windings account for 20% and 15.7% respectively.


近年来,我国电线电缆行业保持了较快发展势头,作为国民经济的最重要的支撑产业之一,电线电缆行业在中国有着广阔的市场。根据近几年的情况来看,我国电线电缆行业销售收入总体呈现上升趋势,其中2016年销售收入创新高达13924亿元,2017年电线电缆销售收入出现小幅下降,为13513亿元。随着我国对基础设施投入的加大,以及新能源、军工、海洋工程、轨道交通、特高压、智能电网的发展得到进一步贯彻落实,市场对电线电缆的需求在不断增强,尤其是在高端装备用电缆方面,未来我国电线电缆行业销售收入仍将进一步增加。

In recent years, China's wire and cable industry has maintained a relatively rapid development momentum. As one of the most important supporting industries of the national economy, the wire and cable industry has a broad market in China. According to the situation in recent years, the sales revenue of China's wire and cable industry shows an overall upward trend, including sales revenue innovation in 2016 as high as 1392.4 billion yuan, in 2017, sales revenue of wire and cable declined slightly, to 135.13 billion yuan. With the increasing investment in infrastructure and the further implementation of the development of new energy, military, marine engineering, rail transit, UHV and smart grid, the market demand for wires and cables is increasing, especially in the field of high-end equipment cables. In the future, the sales revenue of China's wire and cable industry will continue to increase.

  报错
电力电缆回收

二、全球电力电缆行业发展情况

电力电缆作为电线电缆业务占比最大的部分,近几年来行业发展迅速,从全球市场来看,2012年到2017年电力电缆行业市场规模逐年增加,虽然2015年之后市场规模增速有所下滑,但总体仍不变增长态势,2017年全球电力电缆行业市场规模为2073亿美元,同比2017年增幅为7.9%。

II. Global Development of Power Cable Industry



As the largest part of cable business, power cable industry has developed rapidly in recent years. From the global market perspective, the market size of power cable industry has increased year by year from 2012 to 2017. Although the growth rate of market size has declined since 2015, the overall growth trend remains unchanged. The global market size of power cable industry in 2017 is 207.3 billion US dollars, an increase of 7.7 billion compared with that in 2017. .9%.
电力电缆回收

从2017年全球电力电缆行业市场结构分布情况来看,其中亚洲占比最大为39%,其次为欧洲和美洲,分别占比27%和25%,其他地区仅占9%。随着近几年亚洲等新兴国家经济发展加快,全球电力电缆的生产逐渐向亚洲转移,中国也借此机遇带动了国内电力电缆市场的快速发展。
According to the distribution of global power cable industry market structure in 2017, Asia accounted for 39% of the total, followed by Europe and America, accounting for 27% and 25% respectively, while other regions accounted for only 9%. With the acceleration of economic development in Asia and other emerging countries in recent years, global power cable production has gradually shifted to Asia. China has also taken this opportunity to promote the rapid development of the domestic power cable market.

电力电缆回收

三、我国电力电缆行业产业链分析

作为电线电缆的一个重要分支,电力电缆产业链结构与电线电缆产业链结构基本相同,从我国电线电缆行业的产业链结构图来看,电线电缆行业上游主要包括铜、铝、橡胶、绝缘塑料以及其他辅料,电线电缆行业的下游行业则涉及范围较广,包括电力、发电、通信、铁路、石油化工、矿山、船舶等重要的国民经济领域,其需求受宏观经济状况影响较大,属于顺周期行业。

III. Analysis of China's Power Cable Industry Chain



As an important branch of wire and cable industry, the structure of power cable industry chain is basically the same as that of wire and cable industry chain. From the industrial chain structure chart of China's wire and cable industry, the upstream of wire and cable industry mainly includes copper, aluminium, rubber, insulating plastics and other accessories, while the downstream industry of wire and cable industry covers a wide range, including power, power generation and communication. Railway, petrochemical, mining, shipping and other important areas of national economy, whose demand is greatly affected by macroeconomic conditions, belongs to pro-cyclical industries.
电力电缆回收

电线电缆行业是典型的“料重工轻”行业,在原材料中,铜和铝是最重要的基础材料,占到电线电缆成本的70%以上。从2011-2018年我国铜材产量来看,2011-2016年我国铜材产量逐年上升,2016年铜材产量达2096万吨,但近几年铜材产量出现下滑,2018年铜材产量下滑至1716万吨,铜材价格受此影响出现波动,原材料价格的波动也必将影响下游电力电缆市场。

The wire and cable industry is a typical industry of "heavy material, light industry". Among the raw materials, copper and aluminium are the most important basic materials, accounting for more than 70% of the cost of wire and cable. From the output of copper in China in 2011-2018, the output of copper in 2011-2016 is increasing year by year. The output of copper in 2016 is 20.96 million tons. However, the output of copper has declined in recent years. The output of copper in 2018 has declined to 17.16 million tons. The price of copper has fluctuated, and the price fluctuation of raw materials will also affect the downstream power cable market.
资料来源:国家统计局,华经产业研究院整理

四、我国电力电缆行业生产情况

从2011-2018年我国电力电缆生产情况来看,其中2011年到2014年电力电缆产量呈现较快增长的态势,2016年达到最高产量5677.83万公里,此后电力电缆产量开始呈现下降趋势,主要由于上游原材料价格波动的影响,对行业毛利率的影响较为明显,2017年电力电缆产量下降为4933.6万公里,2018年我国电线电缆产量为4532.07万公里。


资料来源:国家统计局,华经产业研究院整理

我国虽然是电缆制造大国,但产业集中度不够,产业大而不强,难以全面参与全球化竞争,产业链中高附加值产品很少有企业涉足,如航空航天、潜艇、核电、军工、电子、汽车线束、高压电缆附件、高压电缆超净电缆料等高端产品及原材料主要依靠进口。由于高端研发创新能力不足,致使国内电线电缆产品高度同质化,低价格成为市场主要竞争手段,部分中低端产品领域已存在严重产能过剩。
IV. Production Situation of Power Cable Industry in China



From the production situation of power cable in China from 2011 to 2018, the output of power cable shows a rapid growth trend from 2011 to 2014, reaching a maximum output of 56.778 million kilometers in 2016. Since then, the output of power cable has begun to show a downward trend, mainly due to the fluctuation of upstream raw material prices, which has a more obvious impact on the gross profit rate of the industry. In 2017, the output of power cable has dropped to 49.77 million kilometers. 336,000 kilometers. In 2018, China's output of wires and cables was 45.320.07 million kilometers.




Source: National Bureau of Statistics, Huajing Institute of Industry



Although China is a big cable manufacturing country, its industry concentration is insufficient, its industry is large but not strong, and it is difficult to fully participate in global competition. Few enterprises are involved in high-value-added products in the industrial chain, such as aerospace, submarines, nuclear power, military industry, electronics, automotive wiring harness, high-voltage cable accessories, ultra-clean high-voltage cable materials and other high-end products and raw materials mainly rely on imports. Due to the lack of high-end R&D innovation capability, the domestic wire and cable products are highly homogeneous, and low price has become the main means of competition in the market. There are serious overcapacity in some areas of low-end products.

版权所有:临沂鑫领废旧物资回收有限公司 
地址:山东省临沂市兰山区 ;尚经理; 手机:15725781678
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